The Dalmatian Algyroides is one of Europe's most colourful and variable lizard. In particular, males of the nominate subspecies with their blue heads and red undersides look fantastic; but several other colour varieties occur. Females are rather inconspicious with brownish colouration.
The distribution area of this species ranges along the Adriatic Coast from north-eastern Italy to Western Greece. It prefers habitats with vertical structures (rocks or trees) with sufficient shade and humidity and frequently can be found near streams or lakes. It occurs from sea level up to 1600 m (Mount Enos / Kefalonia).
Besides of the nominate subspecies, subspecies kephallithacius has been described for the Ionian Islands of Lefkada, Kefalonia, Ithaka and also occurs on adjoining mainland (Etoloakarnania).
Genetic analysis further indicates that there is a third lineage on Corfu and the adjoining mainland, the so called "Northern Ionian Clade". The taxonomic position of this lineage is unclear so far*.
Algyroides nigropunctatus with its strongly keeled scales on the back is an unmistakable lizard. It may co-occur with the following other species:
* PODNAR, M. & MAYER, W. (2006) - First insights into mitochondrial DNA diversity of Dalmatinian Algyroides, Algyroides nigropunctatus (Lacertidae). - Periodicum biologicum, 18 (1): 85-87.